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Legislative Year: 2024 Change
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Bill Detail: HB24-1325

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Title Tax Credits for Quantum Industry Support
Status House Committee on Finance Refer Amended to Appropriations (03/18/2024)
Bill Subjects
  • Fiscal Policy & Taxes
House Sponsors A. Valdez (D)
M. Soper (R)
Senate Sponsors J. Bridges (D)
M. Baisley (R)
House Committee Finance
Senate Committee
Date Introduced 02/21/2024
Summary

The bill creates 2 tax incentives to support the development of the
quantum technology ecosystem in the state. Neither of the tax credits
created in the bill are allowed to any qualified applicant unless a
Colorado-based entity receives a multi-million dollar federal grant from
the economic development administration for the regional technology and
innovation program or a comparable federal grant program.
Tax credit for investments in fixed capital assets to create a
shared quantum facility. Section 2 of the bill creates a 100% refundable
income tax credit for qualifying investments in fixed capital assets as part
of a coordinated plan to create a shared quantum facility (facility credit)
for income tax years commencing on or after January 1, 2025, but before
January 1, 2033. The amount of the facility credit is equal to the amount
of the qualifying investment made by a qualified applicant for an eligible
project; except that the maximum aggregate amount of all facility credits
is $44 million. In addition, the maximum aggregate amount of facility
credits that may be claimed in the taxable year in which the eligible
project is placed in service is $24 million. If qualified applicants are
issued more than an aggregate of $24 million in facility credits, the
qualified applicants may claim the credits in future taxable years, subject
to a specified limit on the amount of the credit that may be claimed in a
single taxable year.
A qualified applicant may be a consortium of entities that are
jointly participating in creating a shared quantum facility. An eligible
project is a project to create a shared quantum facility, which is a primary
place in the state where an applicant performs activities and provides the
economic benefits related to quantum business and that is approved as an
eligible project by the office of economic development (office).
The bill details a process for claiming the facility credit that
requires:
  • The submission by a qualified applicant to the office of an
application for a facility credit reservation;
  • Preliminary and final review of the application and
approval of the request for a facility credit reservation by
the office;
  • Issuance of a facility credit reservation to the qualified
applicant by the office;
  • Completion of the eligible project and certification by the
qualified applicant of the qualified applicant's qualifying
investments;
  • Review of the eligible project and qualifying investments
by the office;
  • Issuance of a tax credit certificate by the office;
  • Filing of the tax credit certificate with the department of
revenue with the qualified applicant's tax return or
informational return; and
  • Recapture of the credit if the eligible project is not used for
a use that makes it an eligible project during a specified
compliance period.
Quantum business loan loss reserve tax credit. Section 3 creates
a 100% refundable income tax credit to offset losses incurred by a
qualified applicant in connection with a registered loan to a quantum
company (loan loss credit) for income tax years commencing on or after
January 1, 2026, but before January 1, 2046. A qualified applicant is a
commercial bank, depository institution, private lending fund, or other
entity that makes loans for commercial purposes to a quantum company
that satisfies certain income and other criteria (eligible loan). The
administrator of the loan loss credit (administrator) may be the office, or
the office may contract with a third-party program administrator to
administer the credit. The administrator is required to determine the
method by which the loan loss credit will be distributed to qualified
applicants. The distribution method may be on a first-come, first-served
basis or based on a competitive lender selection process where the
administrator chooses which lenders are eligible to apply for the loan loss
credit.
A qualified applicant is required to register any loan that is the
basis of a loan loss tax credit with the administrator and is not eligible to
claim the loan loss credit until the qualified applicant has incurred a loss
in connection with a registered loan. The amount of the loan loss credit
is an amount up to 15 cents for every dollar of an eligible loan that the
qualified applicant has made or will make; except that the maximum
aggregate amount of all loan loss credits is $30 million. In addition,
subject to specified requirements and, if the administrator is not the
office, the approval of the office, the administrator may establish policies
and procedures to set the amount of the loan loss credit below 15 cents
for every dollar loaned, change the amount of the loan loss credit from
time to time, or cap the total amount of loan loss credits issued to a
qualified applicant.
Each qualified applicant that is issued more than one loan loss
credit certificate is required to hold all the loan loss credit certificates that
were issued to the qualified applicant in a pooled loan loss reserve. A
qualified applicant may use all or any portion of the loan loss credit
certificates issued to that qualified applicant to offset any loss incurred by
that qualified applicant in connection with one or more registered loans.
The bill details a process for claiming the loan loss credit that
requires:
  • Submission of an application for a loan loss credit
certificate and a request that the administrator register an
eligible loan;
  • Preliminary and final review of the application and
registration of eligible loans by the administrator;
  • Issuance of a loan loss tax credit certificate to a qualified
applicant;
  • Periodic updates to the administrator by a qualified
applicant that was issued a loan loss credit certificate
regarding the status of each of the qualified applicant's
registered loans;
  • Application to the administrator for a registered loan loss
certificate after a qualified applicant incurs a loss in
connection with a registered loan;
  • Review of information regarding the loan by the
administrator and issuance of a registered loan loss
certificate to the qualified applicant; and
  • Filing the loan loss credit certificate and the registered loan
loss certificate with the department of revenue with the
qualified applicant's tax return or informational return.
The administrator of the loan loss credit may impose a registration
and issuance fee on a qualified applicant or on the borrower to which a
qualified applicant made an eligible loan. The administrator is required
to credit any fee revenue to the quantum business loan loss reserve cash
fund, which is created in the bill and is exempted, in section 3, from the
restriction on the statutory amount of authorized cash fund reserves.
The office and the administrator are required to annually report to
the general assembly regarding the facility credit and the loan loss credit
and may, after soliciting advice from the department of revenue and
quantum industry participants, create and modify policies and procedures
as necessary to implement the facility credit or the loan loss credit, as
applicable.

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